Icon

Resources & FAQ

If you are looking for office space in Atlanta, there are several things you might want to consider about each location.

  • How much office space do I really need?
  • What are the rental rates?
  • Are the rates for office space too high?
  • How do I go about collecting data about the marketplace to make sure that I am getting the best and the most competitive price?
  • Am I going to have to pay additional dollars towards the cost of my improvements?
  • Do I know how to strategically go about the process of creating a competitive environment so that I might receive the most lucrative financial transaction available? (After all, Landlords make good deals and bad deals for themselves.)
  • How do I get the Good Deals?

Do you know a proven and strategic process to renegotiate your existing lease for large financial benefits to your company? We do.

Contact Us

How much space do I need?

The general rule of thumb is to allow 175 to 250 usable square feet per person depending upon the type and style of the business. This figure can vary.

How is floor area measured?

The purpose of the Standard Method For Measuring Floor Area in Office Buildings is to permit communication and computation on a clear and understandable basis. The BOMA Standard has been the generally accepted method for measuring office space for many years. It should be noted that this standard can and should be used in measuring office space in old as well as new buildings. It is applicable to any architectural design or type of construction.

Usable Area

This method measures the actual occupiable area of a floor or an office suite and is of prime interest to a tenant in evaluating the space offered by a landlord and in allocating the space required to house personnel and furniture. The amount of Usable Area on a multi-tenant floor can vary over the life of a building as corridors expand and contract and as floors are remodeled. Usable Area can be converted to Rentable Area by the use of a conversion factor. The Usable Area of an office shall be computed by measuring to the finished surface side of the office side of corridor and other permanent walls, to the center of the partitions that separate the office from adjoining Usable Areas, and to the inside finished surface of the dominant portions of the permanent outer building walls. No deduction shall be made for columns and projections necessary to the building.

The Usable Area of a floor shall be equal to the sum of all Usable Areas on that floor.

Rentable Area

This method measures the tenant’s pro-rata portion of the entire office floor, excluding elements of the building that penetrate through the floor to areas below. The Rentable Area of a building is fixed for the life of a building and is not affected by changes in corridor sizes and configuration. This method is therefore recommended for measuring the total income producing area of a building and for use in computing the tenant’s pro-rata share of a building for purposes of rent escalation. The Rentable Area of floor area shall be computed by measuring to the inside finished surface of the dominant portions of the permanent outer building walls, excluding any major vertical penetrations of the floor.

No deduction shall be made for columns and projections necessary to the building. The Rentable Area of an office on the floor shall be computed by multiplying the Usable Area of that office by the quotient of the division of the Rentable Area of the floor by the Usable Area of the floor resulting in the R/U Ratio.

Load Factor

The Load Factor is the percentage of space on a floor that is not usable, expressed as a percent of Usable Area. It is also known as the Common Area Factor or the Loss Factor.

Conversion Formulas

  • Rentable Area ÷ Usable Area –> R/U Ratio
  • Load Factor (Load) –> R/U Ratio – 1
  • Usable Area x R/U Ratio –> Rentable Area
  • Rentable Area ÷ R/U Ratio –> Usable Area
  • Usable Area x (1 + Load) –> Rentable Area

Definitions

  • Finished Surface
    • A wall, ceiling, or floor surface, including glass, as prepared for tenant use, excluding the thickness of any special surfacing materials such as paneling, furring strips and carpet.
  • Dominant Portion
    • That portion of the inside finished surface of the permanent outer building wall which is 50% or more of the vertical floor to ceiling dimension measured at the dominant portions. If there is no dominant portion, or if the dominant portion is not vertical, the measurement for area shall be to the inside finished surface of the permanent outer building wall where it intersects the finished floor.
  • Major Vertical
    • Penetrations Stairs, elevator shafts, flues, pipe shafts, vertical ducts, and the like, and their enclosing walls, which serve more than one floor of the building, but shall not include stairs, dumbwaiters, lifts, and the like, exclusively serving a tenant occupying offices on more than one floor.

You can find more information about this in the Building Owners & Managers Association (BOMA) Guidelines 

What are some real estate terms and definitions?

A

Adjoining
In actual contact with another object (i.e., attached). Same as “Contiguous”.

Agent
An individual/entity who transacts, represents, or manages business for another individual/entity. Permission is provided by the individual/entity being represented.

Assignee
Individual to whom a contract is assigned.

Assignment
The manner by which a contract is transferred from one individual to another individual.

Assignor
An individual who transfers a contract to another individual.

B

Build Out
The construction or improvements of the interior of a space, including flooring,walls, finished plumbing, electrical work, etc.

Building Permit
Written government permission to develop, renovate, or repair a building.

C

Cancellation Clause
A provision in a contract (e.g., lease) that confers the ability of one in the lease to terminate the party’s obligations. The grounds and ability to cancel are usually specified in the lease.

Capital Improvement
Any major physical development or redevelopment to a property that extends the life of the property. Examples include upgrading the elevators, replacement of the roof, and renovations of the lobby.

Certificate of Occupancy (CO)
The government issues this official form, which states that the building is legally ready to be occupied.

Chattel
Household goods, including personal property such as lamps, desks, and chairs.

Cityfeet
The preeminent real estate Internet site that provides prospective tenants with commercial space availabilities.

Contiguous
Touching at some point or along a boundary.

Contingency
A requirement in a contract that must occur before that contract can be finalized.

Contract
A legal agreement between entities that requires each to conduct (or refrain from conducting) certain activities. This document provides each party with a right that is enforceable under our judicial system.

Covenants
Wording found in deeds that limits/restricts the use to which a property may be put (e.g., no bars).

D

Deed
A signed, written instrument that conveys title to real property.

Deed Restriction
An imposed restriction in a deed that limits the use of the property. For example, a restriction could prohibit the sale of alcoholic beverages.

Default
Failure to fulfill a promise, discharge an obligation, or perform certain acts.

Delivery
Transfer something from one entity to another.

E

Ejectment
Action to regain possession or real property. This is a last-ditch effort that is used when there is no relationship between landlord and tenant.

Eminent Domain
The government’s right to condemn and acquire property for public use. The government must provide the owner fair compensation.

Endorsement
Signing one’s name on the back of a check.

Escrow
A written agreement among parties, requiring that certain property/funds be placed with a third party. The object in escrow is released to a designated entity upon completion of some specific occurrence.

Estoppel Certificate
A legal instrument executed by the one taking out the mortgage (i.e., mortgagor). The owner of a property may require an individual leasing a property to sign an estoppel certificate, which verifies the major points (e.g., base rent, lease commencement and expiration) existing lease between the landlord and tenant.

Eviction (Actual)
Physical removal of a tenant either by law or force.

Eviction (Constructive)
The landlord or his agents disturb the tenant, rendering the leased space unfit for the tenant’s previous use.

Eviction (Proceeding)
A legal proceeding by the landlord to remove a tenant.

Exclusive Agency
An agreement in which one broker has exclusive rights to represent the owner or tenant. If another broker is used, both the original and actual broker are entitled to leasing commissions.

F

Fiduciary
A person who represents another on financial/property matters.

Fixtures
Personal property so attached the land or building (e.g., improvements) it is considered part of the real property.

G

Grace Period
Additional time allowed to complete an action (e.g., make a payment) before a default or violation occurs.

Gross Lease
A lease of property whereby the landlord (i.e., lessor) pays for all property charges usually included in ownership. These charges can include utilities, taxes, and maintenance, among others.

H

Holdover Tenant
A tenant who remains in possession of leased property after the lease term expiration.

I

Incompetent
An individual who is unable to handle his own affairs by reason of some medical condition (e.g., insanity, Alzheimer’s).

Instrument
A written legal document created to secure the rights of the parties participating in the agreement.

Irrevocable
Incapable of being altered, changed, or recalled.

J

Joint Tenancy
Ownership of real property by two or more individuals, each of whom has an undivided interest with the right of survivorship.

Judgement
A formal decision issued by a court relating to the specific claims and rights of the parties to an act or suit.

L

Landlord
One who rents property to a tenant.

Lease
A contract whereby the landlord grants the tenant the right to occupy defined space for a set period at a specific price (i.e., rent).

Leasehold
The estate or interest a tenant has as stated in the tenant’s lease.

Lessee
An individual (i.e., tenant) to whom property is rented under a lease.

Lessor
An individual (i.e. landlord) who rents property to a tenant via a lease.

Letter of Intent
An informal, usually non-binding, agreement among parties indicating their serious desire to move forward with negotiations.

Listing
An employment contract between principal and agent that authorizes the agent (such as a broker) to perform services for the principal and his property.

Loss Factor
What percentage of the gross area of a space is lost due to walls, elevator, etc. Rule of thumb in Manhattan is approximately 15%.

M

Mandatory
A requirement that must be conformed to as specified in any written document.

Market Price
The actual selling or leasing price of a property.

Market Value
The expected price that a property should bring if exposed for lease in the open market for a reasonable period of time and with market savvy landlords and tenants.

Meeting of the Minds
When all individuals to a contract agree to the substance and terms of that contract.

Minor
A person under a legal age, usually under 18 years old.

Multiple Listing
An arrangement among Real Estate Board of Exchange Members, whereby each broker presents the broker’s listings to the attention of the other members so that if a lease results, the commission is divided between the broker bringing the listing and the broker making the lease.

N

Non-Disturbance Agreement
The tenant signs this to prevent himself from being evicted if the property owner does not pay its mortgage to the bank.

Notary Public
A public officer who is authorized to witness and verify certain documents (e.g., contracts, deeds, mortgages). Also, an affidavit may be sworn before this public officer.

O

Obligee
The person who will receive the outcome of an obligation.

Obligor
An individual who has engaged to perform an obligation to another person (i.e., obligee).

Open Listing
A listing given to any broker without liability to compensate any broker except the one who first secures a buyer who is ready, willing, and able to meet the terms of the listing, or secures the acceptance by the landlord of a satisfactory offer; the lease of the property automatically terminates the listing.

Option
A right given to purchase or lease a property upon specified terms within a specified time. If the right is not exercised, the option holder is not subject to liability for damages. If the holder of the option exercises it, the grantor of option must perform the option’s requirements.

P

Percentage Lease
A lease of property in which the rent is based upon the percentage of the sales volume made on the specific premises. There is usually a clause for a minimum rent as well.

Personal Property
Any property which is not real property. Examples include furniture, clothing, and artwork.

Power of Attorney
A written instrument duly signed and executed by an individual which authorizes an agent to act on his behalf to the extent indicated in the document.

Principal
The employer (e.g., landlord) of an agent or broker. This is the agent’s or broker’s client.

Q

Quiet Enjoyment
The right of an landlord or tenant to use the property without disturbances.

R

Real Estate Board
An organization whose members consist primarily of real estate professionals such as brokers.

Real Estate Syndicate
When partners (either with or without unlimited liability) form a partnership to participate in a real estate venture.

Real Property
Land and any capital improvements (e.g., buildings) erected on the property.

Realtor
A coined word which may only be used by an active member of a local real estate board, affiliated with the National Association of Real Estate Boards.

Rent
Compensation from tenant to landlord for the use of real estate.

Restriction
A restriction, often specified in the deed, on the use of property.

Revocation
An act of rescinding power previously authorized.

Rule of Thumb
A common or ubiquitous benchmark. For example, it is often assumed that each worker in an office will need approximately 250 square feet of space.

S

Situs
The location of a property.

Specific Performance
When a court requires a defendant to carry out the terms of an agreement or contract.

Square Feet
The usual method by which rental space is defined. It is the area of that space, calculated by taking length times width. For example, a room 30 feet by 60 feet has an area of 1,800 square feet.

Statute
A law established by an act of a legislature.

Statute of Frauds
State law (founded on ancient English law) which requires that contracts must be reduced to written form if it is to be enforced by law.

Statute of Limitations
A law barring all right of redress after a certain period of time from the moment when a cause of action first arises.

Subagent
An agent of an individual already acting as an agent of a principal.

Subletting
The leasing of space from one tenant to another tenant.

Subscribing Witness
The witness to the execution of an instrument who has written his name as proof of seeing such execution.

Surrender
The cancellation of a lease by mutual consent of the tenant and the landlord.

T

Tenancy at Will
A license to occupy or use lands and buildings at the will of the landlord.

Tenancy by the Entirety
An estate which exists only between husband and wife. Each has equal right of enjoyment and possession during their joint lives, and each has the right of survivorship.

Tenant Improvements
Work done on the interior of a space, can be paid for by landlord, tenant, or some combination of both, depending on the terms of the lease.

Tenancy in Common
Ownership of property by two or more individuals, each of whom has an undivided interest, without the right of survivorship.

Tenants at Sufferance
An individual who comes to possess land via lawful title and keeps it in perpetuity without any title.

Tie-in Arrangement
A contract where one transaction depends upon another transaction.

Tort
A wrongful act or violation of a legal right for which a civil action will lie.

U

Urban Property
Property in a city or a high-density area.

V

Valid
A binding situation that is authorized and enforceable by law.

Valuation
Estimated price, value, or worth. Also, the act of identifying a property’s worth via an appraisal.

Variance
Government authorization to use or develop a property in a manner which is not permitted by the applicable zoning regulations.

Violation
Act, condition, or deed that violates the permissible use of property.

Void
Something that is unenforceable.

Voidable
A situation which is capable of being unenforceable but is not so unless direct action is taken.

W

Waiver
The intentional relinquishment or abandonment of a specific claim, privilege, or right.

Work Letter
An amount of money that a landlord agrees to spend on the construction of the interior of a space per the lease, usually negotiated.

Z

Zone
An area, delineated by a governmental authority, which is authorized for and limited to specific uses.

Zoning Ordinance
A law by a local governmental authority (e.g., city or county) that sets the parameters for which the property may be put to use.

What are some useful Atlanta office space resources?

Important information if you are considering Atlanta for your office space